ARC.107 Spiegel, Shalom Papers 1899-1984
|Title:||ARC.107 Spiegel, Shalom Papers 1899-1984.|
|Name(s):||Spiegel, Shalom, 1899-1984, creator|
|Type of Resource:||mixed material|
|Extent:||31.417 Linear feet|
|Physical description:||This collection is arranged in six series, four of which include subseries: Series I. Correspondence A. General B. Personal C. Unidentified Series II. Genizah A. Notes About Genizah B. Notes About Kalir C. Microfilm Series III. Writings A. Notes B. Speeches, Lectures, and Papers C. Drafts of Publications Series IV. Foundation Material A. Alexander Kohut Foundation B. Mekize Nirdamin Society C. Israel Matz Foundation Series V. Jewish Theological Seminary Material Series VI. Personal Material|
|Abstract/Description:||The Shalom Spiegel collection (1899-1984) consists of correspondence, handwritten notes, institutional records, copies of lectures, typescripts with notes, manuscripts, and ephemera. The collection is divided into six series: Correspondence, Genizah, Writings, Foundation Material, Jewish Theological Seminary Material, and Personal Material. Highlights of the collection include professional correspondence with important scholars and leaders such as Alexander Marx, Stephen S. Wise, Israel Davidson, Gershom Scholem, Alexander Scheiber, E. E. Urbach, and Menahem Zulay; notes on Medieval Hebrew literature and liturgy; documentation of Spiegel's involvement with the Kohut, Matz and Mekize Nirdamim Foundations; materials related to Spiegel's teaching career at the Jewish Institute of Religion and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America; and personal correspondence with Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Although Spiegel published very little in his lifetime, the Writings series, consisting mostly of notes and other unpubished materials, sheds light on his interest and knowledge in a wide range of biblical and poetical topics.|
Location of resource: Materials are available (by appointment only) at the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary, 3080 Broadway, New York, NY 10027. Phone: 212.678.8973 or via E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Processing Information: The majority of Spiegel notes were unsorted in manila envelopes, notebooks, and binders with no clear titles or dates. Materials were mostly sorted by subject matter or, if not applicable, marked as untitled and undated. Spiegel wrote a great amount of material, and would often come back to it at later date, writing additional notes and observations. The Geniza Notes are arranged by folder number, which correspond to microfilm numbers, and contain newspaper clippings, correspondence, photographs, and notes. Newspaper clippings and pamphlets were removed from the collection. Over many years the collection has been worked on by several people. A box and inventory list were compiled by Menachem Schmelzer, Michael Rand, and Itay Zutra.
Shalom Spiegel Papers, The Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, N.Y., ARC.107, (Box #, Folder #).
Shalom Spiegel (1899-1984) was a scholar of medieval Hebrew literature, a professor, an author, and a lecturer, famous for his beautiful writing style in Hebrew and in English. Spiegel was born in Bucowina, Austria (modern day Romania) on January 26, 1889. He studied at the Israelitisch-Theologische Lehranstalt in Vienna and at the University of Vienna, and received his PhD in Philosophy in 1922, focusing on Nietzsche's influence on art. During this time, Spiegel was one of the founders and early leaders of the Ha-shomer Hatzair youth movement and editor of its central organ. From 1922 to 1928, he lived and taught in Palestine at the Beth Sefer Reali Ivri and the Technion in Haifa. From 1928 to 1929, he taught at the Herzliah Hebrew Academy in New York. His book Hebrew Reborn grew out of a series of lectures given in 1928-1929 under the auspices of the Society for the Advancement of Judaism.
From 1929 to 1943, Spiegel taught Biblical and Post-Biblical Literature at the Jewish Institute of Religion in New York City, while also holding the position of librarian. Following the death of Israel Davidson in 1942, Spiegel became the William Prager Professor of Medieval Hebrew Literature at the Jewish Theological Seminary, a position he held until his retirement in 1973. Shalom Spiegel wrote widely on Jewish legend and on the prophets Hosea, Amos, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Job. His books included Hebrew Reborn;Ezekiel or Pseudo-Ezekiel;Noah, Daniel and Job; andThe Last Trial, a study of the Akedah. He planned to publish a critical edition of Elazar Kalir's 7th-century religious poetry and the poetry of some of Kalir's predecessors and contemporaries. For this purpose, he examined the various collections of the Cairo Genizah in libraries in the United States, Europe, and Israel.
He never published this work, but selections from his files were published posthumously under the title Avoth ha-piyyut, or, The Fathers of Piyyut. Spiegel was active in the Mekize Nirdamim Society, Alexander Kohut Memorial Foundation, and Israel Matz Foundation, serving as a trustee of the Matz Foundation and secretary of the Kohut Foundation. He was also a fellow of the American Academy for Jewish Research, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Science, and received an honorary doctorate from the Jewish Theological Seminary in 1973 in Hebrew Letters. Spiegel won wide acclaim as an eloquent speaker and gave many lectures and talks at schools, synagogues, and congregations. Among one of his best-known lectures was in 1957 to an audience that included former President Harry S. Truman and Chief Justice Earl Warren. The lecture was part of a special course in Talmudic law, in which Professor Spiegel expounded the Judaic tradition of justice as conceived by the prophet Amos.
In the lecture, Dr. Spiegel said that Amos had established that justice was innate in humans and transcended other laws and considerations. He praised Chief Justice Warren as ''a worthy trustee'' of the ''precious cargo'' of human liberty. Afterwards Truman quipped that he had only come uptown for a good kosher meal at the urging of his friend, Chief Justice Warren. Shalom Spiegel married Rosa Goldschmiedt on September 12, 1922 in Vienna. Their daughter Raya Spiegel was born in 1930. Shalom Spiegel died on May 25, 1984 in New York City.
English, Hebrew, German, Yiddish, and Polish
ARC.28 - Israel Davidson RG. 3B - JTSA. Faculty Records. Faculty Files ARC.71 - Kohut, Alexander and George Alexander Papers ARC.80 - Marx, Alexander Papers
Additional material was donated by Raya Spiegel Dreben in 2010.
Agnon, Shmuel Yosef, 1887-1970, Correspondent (crp)
Baron, Salo Wittmayer, 1895-, Correspondent (crp)
Bialik, Hayyim Nahman, 1873-1934, Correspondent (crp)
Bokser, Ben Zion, 1907-1984
Davidson, Israel, 1870-1939
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
Finkelstein, Louis, 1895-1991
Ginzberg, Louis, 1873-1953
Goitein, Shelomo Dov, 1900-1985, Correspondent (crp)
Goldin, Judah, 1914–1998
Heschel, Abraham Joshua, 1907-1972
Kaplan, Mordecai Menahem, 1881-1983
Kaufmann, Yehezkel, 1889-1963, Correspondent (crp)
Kohut, Alexander, 1842-1894
Lieberman, Saul, 1898-1983
Marx, Alexander, 1878-1953
Scheiber, Alexander, 1913—1986
Scholem, Gershom, 1897-1982
Szold, Henrietta, 1860-1945
Truman, Harry S, 1884-1972
Urbach, Efraim Elimelech, 1912-1991, Correspondent (crp)
Wise, Stephen Samuel, 1874-1949
Zulay, Menahem, 1899-1955
Alexander Kohut Memorial Foundation
Israel Matz Foundation
Jewish Institute of Religion (New York, N.Y.)
Jewish Theological Seminary of America Board of Directors
Mekize Nirdamim Society
Bible--Study and teaching
Jewish learning and scholarship
Jewish religious literature -- Publication and distribution
Jews--United States--Societies, etc
Lectures and lecturing
Speeches, addresses, etc
Studies in medieval Judaism
|Held by:||Special Collections, The Library of The Jewish Theological Seminary|
|Restrictions on Access:||Materials are available by appointment only. To make an appointment and request materials in advance, contact the Librarian in charge of archival materials at: 212.678.8973 or via E-mail: email@example.com.|